Ratio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio Decidendi



ISSA BIO
V.
THE STATE

(2020) JELR 80440 (SC)    
Supreme Court  ·  SC.586/2014 ·  9 Jan 2020 ·  Nigeria
CORAM
OLABODE RHODES-VIVOUR, JSC CHIMA CENTUS NWEZE, JSC AMIRU SANUSI, JSC EJEMBI EKO, JSC UWANI MUSA ABBA AJI, JSC

Ratio Decidendi

Core Terms Beta
court
appellant
trial court
appeal
fair hearing
trial
lower court
appellant's counsel
confessional statement
trial judge
appellant's right
counsel
issues
defence counsel
learned trial judge
accused person
admitted exhibit dd
appellant's pending application
judicial process
leave of the trial court
accused persons
advantage of the fair hearing process
armed robbery
fair hearing of the case
leading judgment
right of the defence
appellant's contention
application of the principles
conclusion of the case
court of appeal
evidence of the prosecution
final appeal
findings of the trial court
fo file
hearing of this appeal
high court of ogun state
issues issue
judgement of the lower court
laws of the federation of nigeria
learned state counsel
lower court's decision
question of the retraction of the appellant
respondent's contention
ruling of the trial court
special provisions
submission of the learned state counsel
such situations


CHIMA CENTUS NWEZE, J.S.C. (Delivering the Leading Judgment): At the Ayetoro Judicial Division, of the High Court of Ogun State, sitting at Ilaro, the appellant in this appeal, [as accused person], was arraigned, along with Musunmola Kolawole, on a two-count charge of conspiracy to commit armed robbery contrary to Section 6 (b) and, punishable under Section 1(2)(a), of the Robbery and Firearms (Special Provisions) Act Cap R 11, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004.

Sequel to his trial and conviction, the appellant appealed to the Court of Appeal [lower court, for short]: which court dismissed his appeal, prompting his further and final appeal to this court. He concreted two issues for the determination of his appeal. They were framed thus:

  1. Whether the lower court was right to have held that the trial court rightly admitted exhibit DD in evidence?
  2. Whether the court below was right to have held that the trial court did not breach the appellant's right to fair hearing when the trial cou…
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