Ratio DecidendiRatio DecidendiRatio Decidendi


(1987) JELR 65502 (HC)    
High Court  ·  20 Dec 1987 ·  Ghana

Ratio Decidendi

Core Terms Beta
ama akoto
bags of flour
accused person
ghana police force
sales manager
economic loss
agona swedru
false documents
government department
next time
own plea
said ama akoto
trial court
appropriate cases
causing of some economic loss
central magisterial district
clear ambiguity
common ground
conspiracy of this nature
criminal procedure code
director of public prosecutions
district manager of the g.n.t.c.
essential element
fact of the appellant
guilty ought
high court
highest point
jurisdiction of this court
learned trial magistrate
lord reading c.j.
mary eshun of agona swedru
mr. k. a. amponsah
offence of forgery
okunor j.
opening of the case
police investigations
record shows
result of my act
said district manager of the g.n.t.c.
serious doubt
similar view
such appropriate cases
tried read
virtue of section
wholesale keeper of g.n.t.c.
wide category of conspiracies
winneba police training depot


The appellant in this case was convicted of the offence of forgery. The charge on which he was tried read:

FORGERY—Section 159 of Act 29/60
JONATHAN YIRENKYI: CLERK:—For that you on 16 September 1977 at Agona Swedru in the Central Magisterial District and within the jurisdiction of this court with intent to defraud one Nana Opuni the wholesale keeper of G.N.T.C. that ten bags of flour had been authorised by the district manager of the G.N.T.C. to be allocated to one Ama Akoto did forge a chit issued by the said district manager of the G.N.T.C. to Winneba Police Training Depot for ten bags of flour on 5 September 1977 to read Ama Akoto on 16 September 1977 whereby you succeeded in detaining ten bags of flour for the said Ama Akoto.”

To this charge he pleaded “Guilty with explanation” whereupon the prosecuting officer went on to give the “facts” as follows:

“The accused is an employee of G.N.T.C. (Agona Swedru) attached to the provisio…
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